Speculative fiction writer, translator, and editor

Modality Irrealis

In linguistics, the “irrealis mood” refers to grammatical rules around describing events that are not known to the speaker to have occurred. The subjunctive, the conditional, the imperative—these are all moods to refer to the unreal.

Modality Irrealis is S. Qiouyi Lu’s column about the craft of writing and translation, mostly as applied to speculative fiction, which imagines the unreal.

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